An excellent program, of course. Listening to equations to hear what they have to say is a form of listening at prayer. Dialog with nature, dialog with mathematics, all at the same time in the presence of God.
Mr. Gates is a real physisicist: 'What we can't measure falls outside the realm of science'. 'Science does not permit us the illusion of certainty.' 'That question has to be left to theologians.' This is different from the scientists who claim science shows that theological truth is imagination, science can't say that. Theologians find that science supports its conclusions more and more.
It seems to me that a unified theory must exist, so it might be super string theory. It seems to me, for theological reasons (Revelation, new heavens and a new earth, 12 courses of stone), that it will be found to have 12 dimensions - but that's imagination from a scientific point of view. And imagination, as stated, leads where one looks for knowledge.
Isn't it beautiful that matter is a form of energy. Dovetails well with creation. And that it would be perfectly elegant and beautiful.
Not sure how 'we are essential to these new laws of physics', maybe it's in the uncut interview.
In some senses scienc is catching up to theology, but Mr. Gates is right, when science shows evidence for something that theology has asserted, it is a powerful reinforcement (e.g. that we come from one male and one female in the human genome project.)
It seems to me that there were two big bangs. The first in time was the creation of the physical universe, this is the one that scientists study. The second in time is the Incarnation of Jesus in Mary's womb: the start of the Kingdom of God on earth. Both develop and grow and expand. Theologians study the second. But (God does everything twice) they are related, of course, have similarities, and can inform each other.
More information about text formats