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VALI NASR REVEALS THE AMERICAN PART OF HIS IRANIAN-AMERICAN IDENTITY AND MISAPPREHENDS EUROPEAN HISTORY WHEN HE EXTRAPOLATES TO EUROPE THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NINETEENTH-CENTURY BOSTON BRAHMANS AND IRISH CATHOLICS.

IT IS NOT TRUE THAT IN EUROPE PROTESTANTISM IS OR WAS THE RELIGION OF THE ESTABLISHMENT WHILE CATHOLICISM IS OR WAS THE RELIGION OF THE THIRD ESTATE. THE SETTLEMENT OF THE THIRTY YEARS’ WAR PROVIDED ESSENTIALLY THAT LOCAL SOVEREIGNS WERE FREE TO IMPOSE THEIR OWN BELIEFS — PROTESTANTISM OR CATHOLICISM — AS THE STATE RELIGION IN THEIR OWN REALM. SUBJECTS WHO ADHERED TO THE OTHER RELIGION WERE FREE TO EITHER CONVERT TO THE LOCAL STATE RELIGION OR MOVE TO ANOTHER PLACE WHERE THE OFFICIAL RELIGION CORRESPONDED TO THEIR OWN CREED.

THUS FRANCE, AND SOUTHERN GERMANY BECAME CATHOLIC WHILE ENGLAND AND NORTHERN GERMANY PROTESTANT. EVEN TODAY THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND AND THE KING OF SWEDEN ARE BOTH PROTESTANT WHILE THE KING OF SPAIN AND PRINCE OF MONACO ARE BOTH CATHOLIC.