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I'm reading _Saving Paradise_ by Rita Nakashima Brock and Rebecca Parker -- it argues that the first thousand years of Christianity the emphasis was on paradise in the present life of Christian community -- and formation as a Christian sought to sustain good relationships. Only with the conversion of northern tribes did substitutionary atonement and an emphasis on death, resurrection and crucifixion become central to Christianity. Likewise, the authors seem to be arguing (I'm only part-way through the book), that this shift in emphasis created space for justification of violence by Christians ... and maybe it is time to again shift the emphasis ... returning to paradise might enable us to see value in protecting creation, ending war, domestic violence, gangs ...