Another book on the evils of the aid industry is "The Road to Hell". by Michael Maren.
I've become convinced that you can't do development top-down. For an example of a little organization which does integrated village development extremely well, see the Hunger Project, www.thp.org. The key is teaching self-reliance.
It takes awhile even for skilled animators to get people enculturated to accept whatever is, or hope for handouts, but they do it, and in 5 years from the time they begin working with a cluster of villages there is no more hunger and all the stats are better - infant mortality, maternal mortality, HIV rates, etc.
For more documentation on self-reliance see the chapter on the "The Capacity to Aspire" in "Culture and Public Action" by Rao and Walton.
Karl Hess, M.D.
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