One of the problems with the Luke version is the assumption that the things you would have done unto you are the same things I would have done unto me. If your child is visiting a friend who's family has religious convictions against medical care or believe strongly in corporal punishment, would you want them to do unto her as they would unto themselves? Political liberals and conservatives have many differences as to what they would have done unto them. Hillel's version does not preclude action, rather the action comes from a different place. As a Buddhist I believe the highest good comes from compassion, which is literally the sharing of another's pain. Hillel comes from that place; recognizing the suffering of your neighbor and identifying it with yourself. Both Martin Luther King and Gandhi changed the world with action arising from this reading of do no harm -- the Buddhist, Jainist ahimsa.
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