Program Particulars: Heart and Soul with Mehmet Oz

March 18, 2010

Program Particulars

*Times indicated refer to web version of audio

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(2:00) Music Element

"The Multiples of One" from Awakening, performed by Joseph Curiale

(02:23) New Therapies and Surgery

With the evolving relationship between modern medicine and human spirituality, the practices of prayer, meditation, yoga, and hypnosis are being studied for clinical effects. Major medical schools and hospitals across the country are creating new models to treat mind, body, and spirit as elements of disease and health:

(07:02) Story of Jehovah's Witness

In Healing from the Heart, Oz tells the story of a Jehovah's Witness patient whose family refused to permit him to authorize a blood transfusion because of their religious belief that introducing foreign blood into their bodies is a sin that may lead to the forfeiting of eternal life. This is based upon four passages of the Bible interpreted by the Witnesses:

Genesis 9:4 "Only, you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood." Leviticus 17:10-14 "No person among you shall eat blood, nor shall any alien who resides among you eat blood. And anyone of the people of Israel, or of the aliens who reside among them, who hunts down an animal or bird that may be eaten shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth. For the life of every creature — its blood is its life; therefore I have said to the people of Israel: You shall not eat the blood of any creature, for the life of every creature is its blood; whoever eats it shall be cut off." Acts 15:28-29 "For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to impose on you no further burden than these essentials: that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols and from blood and from what is strangled and from fornication." Acts 21:25 "But as for the Gentiles who have become believers, we have sent a letter with our judgment that they should abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols and from blood and from what is strangled and from fornication."

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(10:11) Music Element

"Garden Recalled" from Spinner, performed by Brian Eno and Jah Wobble

(10:37) LVAD Technology

A ventricular assist device (VAD) is a mechanical pump that helps a heart that is too weak to pump blood through the body. A VAD is used to aid the pumping action of a weakened heart ventricle, and commonly serves as a bridge to a transplant since it can help a patient survive until a heart transplant can be performed. Originally intended for short-term use, some VADs are now used for long-term therapy in severe heart failure patients who are not candidates for heart transplants. A left ventricular assist device (LVAD) assists the heart left ventricle.

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(17:31) Music Element

"Seven Tunes Heard In China: I. Seasons" from Solo, performed by Yo-Yo Ma

(23:18) The MANTRA Trial

Mitchell Krucoff, director of interventional clinical trials at Duke Clinical Research Institute, conducted the second phase of the MANTRA (Monitoring and Actualization of Noetic Trainings) Study, which ended in late 2003. The study enrolled 1,500 patients in myriad regions of the United States, including California and Washington, DC. Study patients are assigned to a control group; to a group receiving prayer only; to a group receiving a combination of music, imagery, and touch; or to a group receiving prayer plus music, imagery, and touch.

(23:58) The Randolph Byrd Study

The study conducted by Randolph Byrd examined the therapeutic effects of intercessory (not personal) prayer to God. Over the course of ten months, a group of 393 patients admitted to a coronary care unit were evaluated for the effects of prayer. While hospitalized, one group received prayer by participating Christians praying outside the hospital, while the other did not.

Byrd's paper was the first to purport to establish the positive effects of intercessory prayer, without the recipients' knowledge, on the treatment of patients. Data suggested that intercessory prayer has a beneficial therapeutic effect in patients admitted to a coronary care unit. Read the results of Byrd's study (pdf) entitled, "Positive Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer in a Coronary Care Unit Population," published in July 1988 edition of the Southern Medical Journal.

Byrd's study has been criticized and comparable studies have yielded a variety of results. Many of them focused on or included non-theistic prayer, chant, and meditation. In the article "Can Prayer Heal?", Larry Dossey, one of the leading authorities on the subject of distant-prayer studies, notes, "In areas where statistical significance was observed, the superiority of the prayer group was not overwhelming." Dossey also takes issue with Byrd's failure to record the quantity and frequency of the prayers being prayed, "You wouldn't give a medication without noting the dose. Still, I give Byrd credit for establishing the principle that you can test this stuff. That's a huge contribution."

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(26:43) Music Element

"Chi Passa Per'sta Strada" from Silk Road Journeys: When Strangers Meet, performed by Yo-Yo Ma & The Silk Road Ensemble

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(35:56) Music Element

"Bay of Bengal" from Hollow Bamboo, performed by Jon Hassell, Ry Cooder, and Ronu Majumbar

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(43:55) Music Element

"Bay of Bengal" from Ocean of Remembrance: Sufi Improvisations and Zhikrs, performed by Orüj Güvenç and Tümata

In the On Being show "The Spirit of Islam," Omid Safi talks about the integral role of this music in the Sufi traditions of art and poetry and explains the origins and import of whirling dervishes.



(46:57) Poem by William Blake

The poet and artist William Blake was Swedenborgian. The Swedenborgian Church, or New Church, members are followers of the theology of Emanuel Swedenborg, an 18th-century Swedish scientist, philosopher, and theologian. His writings explored the universe and explained the nature of the body and the soul through the study of the human anatomy. Swedenborg did not found, nor intended to found, a new church and religion, but hoped that through his writings and teachings existing churches would come to a new understanding of the Bible in its spiritual sense.

Swedenborg contended that God has revealed Himself in many ways: through the creation of the universe itself and of human life, as well as the coming of Christ — all of these being revelations of God, as is the Bible, its pages divulging the most complete insights to truth known to the human experience. Preaching of the Scriptures is based on Swedenborg's teaching that Scripture should be interpreted spiritually. Baptism and the Lord's Supper are the two sacraments of the church.

Read William Blake's complete poem "Auguries of Innocence," from which the following lines were recited during the show:

To see a world in a grain of sand, And a heaven in a wild flower, Hold infinity in the palm of your hand, And eternity in an hour.

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(48:55) Music Element

"Chi Passa Per'sta Strada" from Silk Road Journeys: When Strangers Meet, performed by Yo-Yo Ma & The Silk Road Ensemble

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is a Professor of Surgery and director of the Cardiovascular Institute at Columbia University. He also directs the Complementary Medicine Program at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital. His books include Healing from the Heart.