Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell

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(10) Do not feel envious of the happiness of those who live in a fool’s paradise, for only a fool will think that it is happiness.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Times op-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

(9) Be scrupulously truthful, even if the truth is inconvenient, for it is more inconvenient when you try to conceal it.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Times op-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

(8) Find more pleasure in intelligent dissent than in passive agreement, for, if you value intelligence as you should, the former implies a deeper agreement than the latter.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Times op-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

(6) Do not use power to suppress opinions you think pernicious, for if you do the opinions will suppress you.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Times op-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

See Russell's Fifth Commandment.

(5) Have no respect for the authority of others, for there are always contrary authorities to be found.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Times op-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

See Russell's Fourth Commandment.

(4) When you meet with opposition, even if it should be from your husband or your children, endeavor to overcome it by argument and not by authority, for a victory dependent upon authority is unreal and illusory.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Timesop-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

(3) Never try to discourage thinking for you are sure to succeed.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Timesop-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

(2) Do not think it worth while to proceed by concealing evidence, for the evidence is sure to come to light.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Timesop-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."

See « Russell's First Commandment.

(1) Do not feel absolutely certain of anything.


~Bertrand Russell, from his "Ten Commandments" of the liberal outlook as it appears in his 1951 New York Times op-ed, "The Best Answer to Fanaticism—Liberalism."